1,334,000,000 (1.3 billion) years. Often expressed as the time it would take for a mountain of solid rock of ten cubic leagues to wear down if the tip of a heavenly maiden’s delicate tunic brushed against it every hundred years. A fantastically long period of time.
Condition or cause of pain, distress and suffering which disturbs the body and mind.
Highest, proper and complete enlightenment.
One who has reached self-realization, a state in which one possesses no erroneous perceptions, views, speech or behavior.
Fixed to certain ideas or objects.
The great compassionate and sincere mind, with every thought to attain complete self-realization for self and other.
One who has reached perfection in both self-realization and helping others to reach realization.
False beliefs, wrong views.
The Dharma Perfect Age began with Buddha Shakyamuni’s demise and lasted five hundred years, during which Enlightenment was often attained. The Dharama Semblance Age began after that and lasted one thousand years, during which Enlightenment was seldom attained. The Daharma Ending Age that we are now in began after that and will last for ten thousand years during which Enlightenment will rarely be attained.
Metaphor for all the mundane things that can cloud our self-nature.
Absence of embarrassment and shamefulness, and the presence of jealously, stinginess, misdeeds, drowsiness, sleep and agitation.
There are ten levels of grounds of a Bodhisattva‘s enlightenment which summarize the most important steps in a Bodhisattva’s path right before attaining Buddhahood. Some say it is at this level that Bodhisattvas reach the stage of non-regression: the level at which they will never retreat from the Bodhisattva path.
Happiness, intelligence, well-being, prosperity etc.
Good qualities or seeds sown by a good life to be reaped later.
One of the three lower realms. Hungry ghosts wander in a limbo-like state in which they can find no satisfaction for their desires, especially but not exclusively, for their hunger or thirst. One is reborn here if he or she has extreme greed.
Law of Cause and Effect, results from thought, speech and behavior.
The natural reward or retribution brought about by the Law of Cause and Effect (Karma).
One of the two major branches of Buddhism. Bodhisattva path of helping all sentient beings to attain universal liberation.
The great benefits (wealth, intelligence, etc.) of the human and celestial realms; therefore, they are temporary and subject to birth and death.
Are attained from one’s pure mind and enable one to transcend birth and death and lead to Buddhahood. An identical action, e.g. charity, can lead either to merit or virtue, depending on the mind of the practitioner, whether he or she is seeking ordinary rewards (merits) or transcendence (virtue)
Initially the mind remembers the Buddha and does not forget. After further cultivation, one constantly contemplates the Buddha.
All ten realms minus the Buddha realm.
One who will never retreat from the Bodhisattva path, some say it is not reached until the eighth of the ten grounds of a Bodhisattva.
Things, events, happenings, everything.
One who attains his enlightenment alone, independent of a teacher, with the objective of attaining Nirvana for him/herself.
Rules set up by the Buddha Shakyamuni to guide his students from erroneous thoughts, speech and behavior.
The mind without discrimination or attachments.
Karmic punishment from erroneous thought, speech or action.
Meditative absorption. Usually denotes the particular final stage of pure concentration and contemplation. There are many degrees and types of Samadhi.
The continual repetitive cycle of birth and death that arises from ordinary beings.
Group of four or more people who properly practice the Buddha’s teachings together, especially the Six Principles of Harmony.
Language of ancient India.
Commentary on sutras primarily by Bodhisattvas.
Our original, true self that we still have, but it is currently covered by deluded thoughts.
A living being that is aware of itself and can experience feeling or sensation.
Three upper realms are heavens, asuras and humans. Three lower realms are animals, hungry ghosts and hells.
Sight, sound, smell, taste, touch and mind object.
Form, sound, scent, taste, texture and mind object.
Eyes, ears, nose, mouth, body and mind.
Teaching by the Buddha, initially given verbally, later compiled and written down by the Buddha’s students.
A title of the Buddha, used by his followers, and also by himself when speaking of himself. Its derivation is doubtful, but usually derived from tatha-agata (thus come), or tatha-gata (thus gone), and given the meaning “He who has come and gone as former Buddhas”
North, Northeast, East, Southeast, South, Southwest, West, Northwest, above and below.
When we take refuge in the Buddha, we are returning from our deluded state of mind and relying upon an awakened understanding mind.
When we take refuge in the Dharma, we are returning from deviant views and relying upon proper views and understanding.
World created by Buddha Amitabha. An ideal place of cultivation, those who are born the are no longer subject to reincarnation.